Abraham Lincoln Information
Abraham Lincoln was born on 12 February 1809 and died on 15 April 1865. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States of America.
Abraham served as President from March 1861 until his death by assassination in April 1865. Abraham was the president of the United States of America during the country’s most largest and most brutal civil war.
Abraham Lincoln achieved the abolition of slavery in the United States of America and changed the course of history. Abraham is also responsible for maintaining the union of States, strengthening the federal government and transforming the economy.
Abraham Lincoln was raised in Kentucky and Indiana in the USA. He became a lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader, and served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1834 to 1846. When in 1846, Abraham Lincoln was elected to the United States House of Representatives, he promoted rapid modernization of the economy through railroads, banks and tariffs.
Abraham Lincoln’s opposition to the Mexican–American War was unpopular among Illinois voters, and as he had originally agreed not to run for a second term in Congress, Abraham Lincoln returned to Springfield and resumed his law practice. Abraham Lincoln then re-entered politics in 1854 in the new Republican Party. At the time the Republican Party had a statewide majority in Illinois.
In 1858, Abraham Lincoln spoke out against the slavery in the United Stated of America, while he was taking part in a series of debates with his opponent and rival, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. However, Abraham Lincoln then went on to lose the U.S. Senate race to Douglas.
Abraham Lincoln secured the Republican Party presidential nomination as a moderate from a swing state in 1860. Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, with popular support from the Northern States that were opposed to the slaveholding of the South. After his election but before he was sworn into office, his opposition to slavery prompted seven southern states that supported slavery to form the Confederate States of America.
After the Confederate attacked Fort Sumter on 12 April 1861, the Northern States rallied behind Lincoln and the Union. Abraham Lincoln focused on the military and political aspects of the conflict, with his primary goal being to reunite the nation.
In 1861 Abraham Lincoln narrowly averted British intervention in the American civil war by defusing the Trent Affair. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln moved toward legally ending slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation.
Abraham Lincoln used the Army to protect the escaped slaves. He also encouraged the border states to outlaw slavery, and pushed the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution through Congress, which permanently outlawed slavery.
An exceptionally astute politician deeply involved with power issues in each state, Lincoln reached out to Democrats who supported the war known as “War Democrats” (those who supported the North against the South). Abraham Lincoln also managed his own 1864 presidential re-election campaign. Even as the leader of the Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln had a great number who opposed him. Politically, Lincoln fought back by pitting his opponents against each other. He appealed to the American people with his powers of oratory and political patronage.
Abraham Lincoln’s 1863 Gettysburg Address became an iconic statement of America’s dedication to the principles of republicanism, equal rights, nationalism, liberty, and democracy. Abraham Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction. He sought to reunite the nation quickly through a policy of reconciliation. However, six days after the surrender of Robert E. Lee, the Confederate commanding general, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by the Confederate sympathizer, John Wilkes Booth.
Due to his contribution to the dramatic change to the USA, Abraham Lincoln is considered as one of the three greatest USA presidents.