Authoring, Researching, Reporting and Other Work
By Howard Taylor
Frederick Douglass, Abolition
& Abraham Lincoln
Learning On-Line Learning Activity based upon the life
In this learning activity, the student will learn how, even in the worst of events, you can take "three big lessons" from Frederick Douglass and be successful. To study the life and career of Frederick is one of the most uplifting learning experiences. Frederick Douglass had great respect from several Presidents, and was most instrumental in getting the Black American men into the Civil War as full-fledged soldiers. The Emancipation Proclamation was also a result of counseling by Douglass to President Lincoln. Here are the three lessons of this activity. The student will research Frederick Douglass' life, and then apply these concepts to some personal activities.
Frederick Douglass was a great American that, much like Abraham Lincoln, arose from the humblest of environment to achieve firsts for an African-American in very hard times. He would start his life not even knowing when he was born. His masters did not encourage or allow their slave children to learn their birth date. He was a gifted child that always wanted to know about his roots and ancestors, and especially his date of birth, but never could find out. When he wrote his first autobiography, he made a statement that he was about 27 years of age.
He would devise plans of escape, at a very young age. He would escape at a young age. Frederick was taught to read and write by a white person when young, and he took full advantage of these skills the rest of his life. As we will consider in this multi-faceted learning activity the "Three Learnings," he would speak on, these can be used in the learning of Frederick Douglass and the events of his life. With Abraham Lincoln the themes to consider are honesty and "learning by the light of the fire." In this learning activity the two famous men and acquaintances' will be compared and contrasted.
In this activity, the early life (pre-1860), the later life (post 1865) will be covered in a later sections. The primary Douglass life considerations will be the period of time from 1860-1865. This activity could be covered chronologically in-order, if time will allow such a study. Frederick Douglass' role in helping the Northern war effort, and final win.
Frederick Douglass Learning's:
--THIS ACTIVITY WILL CENTER ON DOUGLASS'S WORK DURING THE PERIOD OF 1860-1865.
--A brief study of his life will help for understanding his Three Learnings.
--The activity will provide experiences for intermediate grade level (4-6), middle grades (7-8) and high school (9-12)
LEARNING ACTIVITY HIGHLIGHTS AND TOPICS
The Frederick Douglass Timeline will be used in this learning activity. Visit the timeline on the Library of Congress at http://international.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/tl3.html (1)
from the American Memories Collection: Frederick Douglass Papers Online Collection at http://international.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/doughome.html (2)
Images from the Monroe County (NewYork) Library System Digital Collection:
Many Roads to Freedom, Abolitionism and the Civil War in Rochester, N.Y. at http://www2.libraryweb.org/index.asp?sid=&orgid=630 (3)
Frederick Douglass Autobiographies are available on-line from the Library of Congress, Frederick Douglass Papers: In His Own Words at: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/words.html, (4) including his:
A learning activity to learn of the effect of the first Free African American to advise a President of the United States: his life from slavery, runaway from owner, European traveler and orator, to freedman and publisher of abolitionist and equal rights writings, a prestigious public life after the Civil War
A champion of civil rights for African Americans as well as women and all people in America.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS VISITS THE WHITEHOUSE, AFRICAN-AMERICAN TROOP CONDITIONS TO IMPROVE
Frederick Douglass Effect on the winning of the Civil War
54th Massachusetts Fight Heroically
Frederick Douglass-- "station master" of the Rochester terminus of the Underground Railroad, writer, publisher, orator, Army recruiter for black troops, and advisor to the President
Frederick Douglass' Three Life Learnings
ACTIVITY CONNECTION TO NATIONAL LEARNING STANDARDS
National History Standards
Standard 2: The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people
THE FREDERICK DOUGLASS ACTIVITY STUDENT TASKS
CIVIL WAR YEARS (LESSONS #1-#6)
Student Task #1-- 1865, A GUEST AT PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S 2nd INAUGURAL Start learning about Frederick Douglass by reading about his last connection with President Lincoln when meeting during the Second Inaugural reception at the White House, January, 1865. READ THE ARTICLE FROM Abraham Lincoln Classroom at http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Library/newsletter.asp?ID=118&CRLI=166 (8) This article concerns Douglass' invitation to attend the reception, his problem entering the White House, and how it all ended up. Locate the section from Reference # 51. For this job, you may
Student Task #2-- LINCOLN/DOUGLASS COMPARISONS & CONTRASTS Make a Comparison Chart describing the differences and similarities between Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. A great plan, in PDF format, is available from the National Center for Teaching Thinking at http://www.nctt.net/Lincoln.pdf (10) Abraham Lincoln's Classroom Online by the Lincoln Institute & the Lehrman Institute at http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Library/newsletter.asp?ID=118&CRLI=166 (11). These contain a narrative about the two men.
Student Task #3-- A CIVIL WAR TIMELINE Use a Civil War timeline to check out events during the Civil War, especially the first two years. the Civil War.com website has a year-by-year timeline at http://www.civilwar.com/civil-war-timeline-of-events/civil-war-overview.html (12). The Civil War was not going well for the Union or President Lincoln before 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued January 1, 1863. President Lincoln would now authorize African Americans to serve in the Union Army. African Americans and Frederick Douglass would have a big part in the new direction. Frederick Douglass would now become a recruiter for the Union Army to convince male freed slaves to join and fight for the Union. The timeline by Historyplace at http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/index.html (13) describes the year 1863 when African American troops would enter battle. The 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col. Robert G. Shaw. Read about Congressional Medal of Honor winners by African Americans at the Buffalo Soldiers site at http://www.buffalosoldier.net/CIVIL WAR AFRO-AMERICAN MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS.htm. (14) Work within a small group, and make a memorial honor board for all the African-American soldiers that won this award during the Civil War. Provide detailed information and a portrait of each. As you read about recruits, find out the names of Frederick Douglass' own sons that were recruited as Union soldiers.
Student Task #4-- AFRICAN AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN THE CIVIL WAR Read the article about African Americans during the Civil War from the Library of Congress Learning Page: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877, African-American Soldiers During the Civil War online at http://rs6.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/civilwar/aasoldrs/soldiers.html (15)
Student Task #5-- THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS Read about the heroic 54th Massachusetts Infantry Rgiment at the Battle for Fort Wagner from American Originals from the National Archives and Records Administration at http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/american_originals/54thmass.html (16) Actual letters and pictures from soldiers from the 54th as on the Battle of Olustee Site, at http://battleofolustee.org/54th_mass_inf.html (17)
Student Task #6-- DOUGLASS' THREE COMPLAINTS TO LINCOLN Read the short article about Frederick Douglass' first official visit to the White House to confer with the President. Answer these questions about that visit:
OPTIONAL FREDERICK DOUGLASS STUDIES (LESSONS #7-#10) His life before and after the Civil War
Student Task #7-- AS A SLAVE & FREE-MAN Working backward in time, your job now is to study and read about Frederick Douglass' years before freedom. In this you will learn of his servitude, brutal punishments, illegal education and his escape to freedom. Use the Online book Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, 1845 at http://www.alincolnlearning.us/narrative_f_douglass.html (17) & at the American Memories Collection of the Library of Congress at http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/lhbcb:@field(DOCID+@lit(lhbcb25385)) (18)
Student Task #8-- CONDUCTOR ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD Working forward in time, your job now is to study and read about Frederick Douglass's years after freedom as a conductor for the Underground Railroad and newspaper writer and publisher. Use the Online narrative of this period of Douglass's life at the American Memories Collection at http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABT6496.(19) The section of his later,
Student Task #9-- THREE LEARNINGS FOR A SUCCESSFUL LIFE Frederick Douglass accomplished a lot in his life, based upon his life-plan THREE LEARNINGS: 1. Believing in yourself; 2. Taking advantage of every opportunity; 3. Using the power of spoken and written language to effect positive change for yourself and society.
Student Task #9-- EQUALITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS Returning back to 1863-1865, conditions for black Union soldiers would get better. Describe how conditions improved, or didn't improve because of the Presidential Proclamation for Retaliation, and orders for equal pay, and other basic rights for blacks in the war.
Student Task #10-- AFTER THE WAR Frederick Douglass' life after the Civil War, and the assassination of the President would be, perhaps, the most interesting of his career and life-history. Read Chapters of his last autobiography The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881) at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/douglasslife/douglass.html (20)
ON-LINE FREDERICK DOUGLASS READING RESOURCES
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